What are solar panels? Here is the understanding and its species that are environmentally friendly. Let’s see!
Electricity is one of the most important human needs. However, the use of electric fuel can become a crisis if the human population increases.
In addition, it can harm the environment if it continues to depend on Coal-fired Power Plants. The use of solar panels is one of the best solutions to overcome this.
Indeed, in a market, technology will be as expensive as single-crystal silicon solar panels. However, in everyday life, it will be relatively cheaper than PLTU. In addition to being cheaper, it is also more environmentally friendly. This is the complete understanding of the types of solar panels.
Understanding solar panels
The solar panel is a device that uses technology Photovoltaic (PV) or in Indonesian it is called photovoltaic. This tool will convert the radiation produced by the sun into electricity.
The electricity generated by sunlight is stored in batteries which are an important component of solar panels. Thus, when it is cloudy or at night where there is no sunlight, the electricity used by solar panels will remain open.
The country of Indonesia is very rich in solar energy sources, also known as the sun, because it is located at the equator.
You will automatically benefit a lot from this energy for free, such as using solar panels as a solar power plant. This is what makes this technology so great in Indonesia.
Types of solar panels
In general, there are three types of solar panels that can be used as an energy source. Among others are:
1. Monocrystalline silicon
Monocrystalline silicon become one of the most frequently selected solar panels for use in everyday activities. Monocrystalline silicon solar panels can be used in the long run.
It is called monocrystalline silicon because the silicon used is monocrystalline or monocrystalline. The shape of Monocrystalline is round with very thin slices. So the efficiency of electricity treatment is very high.
Over 20% efficiency of this type of solar panel. In other words, the ability to convert this type of solar panel from solar to electricity is very good. Just use a small cross section to produce the same energy.
Monocrystalline silicon with such good conversion capacity that its efficiency level is higher than other solar panels is also comparable to the price which is relatively more expensive than other types. Even so, owning one is still beyond the reach of the average person.
2. Thin membrane solar cell
type of solar panel Thin Film Solar Cell very thin shape. Even thinner than the type of crystalline silicon that has a size of 200-300 nm. The size of this thin film is about 10 nm. This way, this type of solar panel becomes flexible because it is very light.
However, due to its very small size, this type of solar panel has a low efficiency level of about 10%. This makes the conversion ability also in the middle class.
3. Polycrystalline silicon
Unlike Monocrystalline Silicon which is made of sliced crystals in such a way that it becomes very thin, this type of Polycrystalline Silicon solar panel is made of fused crystal rods and is printed in a square shape.
The square layout makes this type of solar panel look neat. In addition, the shape of this solar panel is different from other types because there are fragments of silicon crystal.
Meanwhile, the efficiency of this type of solar panel is slightly lower than that of monocrystalline silicon, which is only about 17%.
Types of solar panels Polycrystalline silicon has a relatively lower value than the same type of crystal. Although slightly different in terms of performance.
This is the understanding and types of solar panels. Basically, solar panels are a pretty expensive resource. Especially compared to PLTU.
But in one installation, you can help protect the environment and save on electricity costs by using PLTS, which comes naturally from nature.