What are the functions of the sides

Fungsi.co.id What are the functions of the sides – Every man must have a side, male and female. This rib consists of 12 pairs, so that each left and right is 24 ribs, with these ribs, other important parts such as heart, liver and lungs are safe.

What are the functions of the sides

The rib cage works like a cage on the chest. It is easy to locate this bone by touching the front of your chest and a few inches below the heart.

When you breathe deeply, it will be easy to feel the ribs in front of this body. To be clear, this article will explain how other things work.

Definition of ribs

In anatomy, the ribs or ribs (costae) are long curved bones that form the rib cavity. These ribs protect the chest, lungs, heart, liver and other internal organs in the thoracic cavity.

In mammals, the ribs are found only on the chest. But in reptiles, there are sometimes ribs from the neck to the sacrum. There are some types of fish that can have up to 4 ribs on each backbone.

Humans, male and female, have 24 ribs (12 pairs). This was first stated by Vesalius in 1543 to resolve the dispute that was unfolding at that time.

This rib (Costa) is a convex human skeleton and is also the largest part of the chest frame, there are 12 rib bones lined up on each left and right side and also aligned in this way. It is adorned with a place called the Costa section.

In anatomy, the ribs or ribs (costae) are long curved bones that form the rib cavity. These ribs protect the chest, lungs, heart, liver and other internal organs in the thoracic cavity.

In mammals, the ribs are found only on the chest. But in reptiles, there are sometimes ribs from the neck to the sacrum. There are some types of fish that can have up to 4 ribs on each backbone.

Humans, male and female, have 24 ribs (12 pairs). This was first stated by Vesalius in 1543 to resolve the dispute that was unfolding at that time.

This rib (Costa) is a convex human skeleton and is also the largest part of the chest frame, there are 12 rib bones lined up on each left and right side and also aligned in this way. It is adorned with a place called the Costa section.

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Rib function

The following are some of the features on the side, such as:

  • The ribs have mushrooms that protect important organs such as the heart, liver and lungs as well as other organs in the thoracic cavity.
  • It is used to assist breathing when the intercostal muscles raise and lower the ribs, facilitating also exhalation. Not only that, the ribs also have a skeleton as the work of the chest and back muscles. And in the stomach there is also an upper shoulder belt that can be attached. The diaphragm is also attached to the underside of the rib cage.
  • Without a side, man will not be able to breathe smoothly and without a side there will also be no protection for the important organs located in the human body.
  • It works as support, breathing and protection.

The structure and anatomy of the rib

The sides are attached to the sternum or sternum and most of the sides are attached to the middle part, but not all sides are attached to the sternum. Both men and women have ribs consisting of 12 pairs left and right for a total of 24 ribs.

7 pairs of upper ribs that connect to the sternum or are often called true ribs and can be connected to the chest through the cartilage.

The 5 pairs of ribs below are called false ribs with the first 3 pairs of ribs attached to the cartilage above and the 2 pairs of false ribs below connected to the abdominal muscles that make them float because they are not connected to the ribs of the sternum.

Although the sides look stiff and sturdy, they also have a certain flexibility. This is why during the breathing process the ribs can develop and the flexibility of the ribs can protect them from external collisions that can injure the vital organs of the chest.

From the above explanation, it can be concluded that the ribs can be divided into 3 parts, namely:

· False ribs

The ribs consist of 3 pairs, the false ribs have a size that is very short of the true ribs. This bone is directly related to the back of the bone. While the three ends of the front legs are held together by cartilage which then adheres to a point repeating the chest.

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· True Ribs

True Ribs have a total of 7 (seven) pairs. The true sides are at the back that are in direct contact with the vertebrae. While the front end is connected to the sternum through cartilage.

· Floating bones

Suspended bones have 2 (two) pairs. Suspended ribs are the same as the actual bones, which in the back are connected to the vertebral segments. But the front end is free or not attached to the rest of the bone.

Rib disease

Similar to other parts of the body, the ribs can also have problems that make them feel very painful. It can be caused by various medical conditions such as the following:

· Damage

Injuries to the ribs can be caused when a fall or accident results in a hard blow to the chest. This injury can cause bruising or even breaking the ribs, depending on how hard the impact was.

To confirm the condition of the ribs, the need for a doctor to be able to diagnose in advance, usually a Raontgen examination or X-ray. Other tests can be done with the help of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).

This MRI scan will help you see the inside of the body more specifically in depth so that it can detect if there is damage to the body’s organs.

· Costochondritis

Costochondritis is an inflammation of the cartilage (cartilage) that protects the ribs, causing pain. This condition usually occurs in the cartilage that is directly related to the sternum.

The pain caused by costochondritis is not always the same, but can range from mild to severe.

The symptoms that result from this condition also vary, such as: causing pain and discomfort in the chest, shortness of breath or difficulty breathing and pain when you cough, sneeze or just breathe deeply.

· Inflammation of the thoracic lining

Inflammation of the chest membrane, also known as pleurisy, is a condition that occurs in the pleura. The pleura is a thin layer that covers the chest wall and lungs. Normally, the pleural lining is assigned to produce a fluid (pleural fluid) known as serous fluid.

This fluid will then be useful as a lubricant inside the pulmonary cavity so that it is not easily irritated, especially when the lungs dilate or deflate during respiration. However, with inflammation in this area it can cause severe pain in the ribs.

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· Lung cancer

One of the most visible and visible symptoms of lung cancer is the appearance of pain in the ribs.

The pain that makes him feel uncomfortable usually gets worse when you breathe, cough, sneeze or laugh.

Not only that, other symptoms that should also be considered are the appearance or presence of blood during coughing or phlegm, shortness of breath and wheezing.

Action for rib disease

In addition to being caused by disease, bones can also have problems due to injury. Injury to this bone will eventually cause the bone to crack and even break, so it may not function properly.

In mild cases, broken ribs can heal on their own within a few weeks.

In this case, it is usually recommended to limit physical activity and regularly use cold compresses on broken bones that are useful for relieving pain and swelling. Beforehand, be sure to wrap the ice in a towel or cloth and then attach it to your chest.

And it would be better to sleep in a slightly upright position for the first few days after an accidental injury. But in cases of broken ribs that are severe enough to make it difficult to breathe, your doctor may prescribe painkillers or even suggest surgery.

Surgery generally involves the placement of an implant, or more commonly known as a bone pen.

The goal is to speed up the healing process and optimize the function of the ribs as before.

Place the ribs

The number of ribs is 24 or 12 pairs, ie left and right. However, there are people who have an extra rib or are missing a rib. The first 7 pairs of ribs are attached to the front of the chest. The strong bone is located in the center of the chest and the rest do not attach directly to the sternum.

While the next 3 pairs are in the cartilage on the sides and the last 2 sets are called floating ribs because they are not connected to the ribs.

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